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Received date : 15-02-2022 Revised date : 09-03-2022 Accepted date : 16-03-2022 Published date : 31-03-2022

Mediterr J Pharm Pharm Sci 2 (1): 14-22, 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6399381


Anti-inflammatory potential of medicinal plants

Muhammad Akhlaq, Muhammad Khaleeq Alum, Muhammad Mehboob Alam

Inflammation is said to be a healthy component of the body immune system's reaction.
Inflammation is characterised by four key symptoms: pain, redness, heat or warmth and swelling. As
secondary metabolites, plants may produce a wide range of phytochemical compounds, which possess antiinflammatory
characteristics. Herbal remedies are important therapies for a wide range of ailments all over
the world. There are around 7 500 species of medicinal plants, including representatives from over 17 000
flowering plant species. Even when synthetic chemistry has developed out their expectations, the use of natural
ingredients in the manufacture of drugs used in contemporary medicine is unparalleled. By interfering with
the biology of inflammation, anti-inflammatory medications may assist to minimise tissue damaging and
increase patient’s comfort. Because of the bulky figure of species reachable for study, the effective
development of novel naturally taking place anti-inflammatory drugs is mostly dependent on a
multidisciplinary approach to discovering new chemicals. Despite the statistic that many review papers have
been produced in this field, the conventional of them simply examined the issue from an area perspective.
Several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce inflammation and pain by
decreasing the isoform of the cyclooxygenase enzyme's digestion of arachidonic acid, hence lowering
prostaglandin production. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a host of harmful effects. There are,
however, medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory pharmacological properties that have few or no negative
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